benefits of the feldenkrais method

Lengthening the hamstring muscles without stretching using "awareness through movement".

Physical Therapy, 86(12), 1641-1650.
Stephens, J., Davidson, J., Derosa, J., Kriz, M. & Saltzman, N. (2006).

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
Passive stretching is widely used to increase muscle flexibility, but it has been shown that this process does not produce long-term changes in the viscoelastic properties of muscle as originally thought. The authors tested a method of lengthening hamstring muscles called "Awareness Through Movement" (ATM) that does not use passive stretching.

SUBJECTS:
Thirty-three subjects who were randomly assigned to ATM and control groups met the screening criteria and completed the intervention phase of the study.

METHODS:
The ATM group went through a process of learning complex active movements designed to increase length in the hamstring muscles. Hamstring muscle length was measured before and after intervention using the Active Knee Extension Test.

RESULTS:
The ATM group gained significantly more hamstring muscle length (+7.04 degrees ) compared with the control group (+1.15 degrees ). DISCUSSION AND

CONCLUSION:
The results suggest that muscle length can be increased through a process of active movement that does not involve stretching. Further research is needed to investigate this finding.


Changes in height and postural stability using the Feldenkrais Method.

Unpublished master's thesis, Microform Publications, University of Oregon Eugene, OR/USA.
Polsgrove, M.J. (2002).

18 women (l8-45 years) served as subjects for either the experimental group or control group. Individuals participated in a series of exercises designed for either the experimental or control group. The experimental group participated in a series of Feldenkrais Method(TM) exercises, while the control group participated in a series of related stretching exercise. Exposure to each condition took place over a four-week period, meeting two times a week for 35 to 45 minutes, for a total of eight sessions. Values of height and postural stability were gained from the sensor information of designated marker sites. A multiple regression analysis was used to assess the effects of group training, pre- and post-participation.

Results from this analysis showed that no significant difference in height and postural stability existed between the Feldenkrais Method(TM) group and the stretching group. These results did, however, reveal superiority in the amplitude during medial-lateral sway in subjects who received Feldenkrais Method(TM) over those who underwent stretching exercises. Additionally, the frequency during medial-lateral sway, and for the interaction values for frequency during medial-lateral and anterior-posterior sway, revealed significant differences for the within group analysis.


Facilitating cervical flexion using a Feldenkrais Method - Awareness through Movement.

Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 16(1), 25-29.
Ruth, S. & Kegerreis, S. (1992).

Feldenkrais methods appear to be gaining popularity and utilization by physical therapists. The need for scientific justification of their usage is indicated. The purpose of this study was to quantify the results of a Feldenkrais method-Awareness Through Movement-involving a neck flexion task. The study examined 30 normal subjects to determine if a Feldenkrais Awareness Through Movement sequence would result in an increase in neck flexion range of motion and if the subjects would indicate a significantly lower level of perceived effort posttest.

Measurements of range of motion were taken using a gravity-based cervical range of motion goniometer. The subjects recorded their perceived efforts on a visual analogue scale. The range of motion data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA. The visual analogue scale data were analyzed with a Mann-Whitney U test. The data supported both hypotheses. Based on these findings, further investigation of Feldenkrais methods in the treatment of patients appears warranted.


benefits of the feldenkrais method


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